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How to Pray

Prayer is a worship that involves wordings and actions. We start it with greeting ALLAH and end it with “TASLEEM” (saying peace on you).Prayer purifies the soul, refines the character and inculcates in man the excellent virtues of truthfulness, honesty and modesty. It keeps one who performs it from falsehood and from all forbidden acts.We perform SALAH five times a day.

1. Salah of SUBH. It begins at dawn.

2. Salah of ZUHR. It begins at midday

3. Salah of ASR. It begins in the afternoon

4. Salah of MAGHRIB. It begins after sunset.

5. Salah of ISHA. It begins early at night.


When performing SALLAH

1. The person must stand erect, facing the direction of the Ka’bah. This direction of the Ka’Bah is called the QIBLAH. The body must be dully covered. A woman should cover all her body except her face and her hands. This standing is called QIYAM.He or she must then intend in his/her heart to perform the SALAH

2. The person then raises both hands up to the level of the shoulders or near the lobes of the ears, pronounces the TAKBIR of IHRAM by saying “ALLAHU AKBAR”.By reciting the TAKBIR of IHRAM the person thus enters into a state of worship and is at that point required to call to mind the greatness and glory of ALLAH and to dedicate his/her intentions, recitations and actions to Him alone until the end of the prayer. While praying the person is required to direct his eyes downwards at the spot of prostration. The person may then recites an opening supplication for the prayer. “Subhanaka allahumma wa bi hamdika wa tabara kasmuka wa ta’ala jadduka wa la ilaha ghairuka.” The person will then say: “A’udhu billahi minash shaitanir rajim.”After this, he/she will recite Suratul Fatihah: “Al hamdu lil lahi rabbil ‘alamin. Arrahmanir rahim. Maliki yawmiddin. Iyyaka na’budu wa iyyaka nasta’in. Ihdinas siratal mustaqim. Siratal ladhina an’amta’alaihim, ghairil maghdubi’alaihim wa lad dhallin. (Amin)” He/She will then recite any other passage from the Qur’an.

3. Then he/she will bow down saying: “ALLAHU AKBAR”, put both hands on the knees and say silently: “Subhana Rabbiyal Adhim.” (How Perfect is my Lord, the Supreme) three times. This position is called “RAKA’AH”. He/She must keep the head in line with the back, and look downward to the place of “SUJUD” (prostration)

4. The person will then stand up from the bowing position saying: “Sami’Allahu liman hamidah” (Allah hears those who praise Him) or “Rabbana lakal hamd.” (Our Lord, praise be to You).

5. The person will then prostrate on the floor saying: “Allahu Akbar” with the forehead, nose, palms of both hands, knees, and toes all touching the floor. Then recite silently: ” SUBHANA RABBIYAL A’LA.” (How Perfect is my Lord, the Highest) three times. This position is called Sujood. He/She will keep his/her arms away from the sides of the body and the ground.

6. Then he/she will sit up from the floor saying “ALLAHU AKBAR”. The person will sit upright with the knees bent and palms placed on them and say: “Rabbighfir li.”

7. Next he/she will say “ALLAHU AKBAR” and again will prostrate in the Sujud position and recite ” SUBHANA RABBIYAL A’LA.” three times. Sit up from this position saying “ALLAHU AKBAR” This completes the first Rak’ah of Salah.

8. The person will now stand up for the second Rak’ah and perform it the same way as the first, except that he/she will not recite “Subhanaka” at the beginning, and after the second Sujud (prostration) he/she will sit on the left leg while keeping the right foot upright and put the right hand on the right thigh, with all fingers together in a fist except the index finger which he/she will stick straight out. The left hand sits on the left thigh. Now he/she will recite “Tashahhud “ silently: “At-Tahiyyatu lillahi was- Salawatu wat-Tayyibatu. As-Salamu ‘ alaika ayyuhannabiyyu wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu. Assalamu ‘alaina wa’ala ibadil-Lahis -Salihin ash hadu al-La ilaha il-Lal lahu wa ash hadu anna Muhammadan abduhu wa rasuluhu.” (“Greetings, prayers and goodness belong to Allah. Peace be on you, O Prophet and the mercy of ALLAH and His blessings.Peace be on us and on the righteous servants of ALLAHI bear witness that there is no god but ALLAH, and bear witness that Muhammad (SAW) is His servant and Messenger.”)

9. When performing Salah of ZUHR, ASR, MAGHRIB and ISHA the person will stand up for the remaining Rak’ah(s) after he/she has done “Tashahhud”. He/She will recite “Suratul Fatihah” only and proceed with the same steps as the first two.At the end of the fourth Rak’ah the person will recite silently “Assalatul-Ibrahimiyah.For a two-Rak’ah Salah the person will remain seated after “Tashahhud” and then recites silently “Assalatul-Ibrahimiyah”: ALLAHUMA SALLI ALA SAYYIDINA MUHAMMADWA ALA ALI SAYYIDINA MUHAMMADKAMA SALLAYTA AL SAYYINIDA IBRAHIMWA ALA ALI SAYYIDINA IBRAHIM WA BARIK ALA SAYYIDINA MUHAMMAD WA ALA ALI SAYYIDINA MUHAMMADKAMA BARAKTA ALA SAYYIDINA IBRAHIMWA ALA ALI SAYYIDINA IBRAHIMFIL ALAMININNAKA HAMIDUN MAJID. ( “O Allah, let Your mercy come upon Muhammad and the family of Muhammad as You let it come upon Ibrahim and the family of Ibrahim O Allah, bless Muhammad and the family of Muhammad as You blessed Ibrahim and the family of Ibrahim. Truly You arePraiseworthy and Glorious.”)

10. At the end the person will turn the face to the right saying: “Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah” (peace and the mercy of Allah be on you) and then to the left repeating the same words. When do we recite loud or Silently: During obligatory Fajr prayers, one should recite the Qur’an loud in both Rak’ahs. Also, the first two Rak’ahs of the obligatory prayers of MAGHRIB and ISHA are said loud. However, the third and fourth Rak’ahs are always recited silently during obligatory prayers. In the of ZUHR, ASR prayers, the recitation is always silent for all four Rak’ahs. The one who leads Jumu’ah prayers (Friday prayer in place of ZUHR) will recite the verses loud.